Allergic Conjunctivitis

Allergic conjunctivitis is an eye inflammation caused by an allergic reaction to substances like pollen or mold spores. Allergic conjunctivitis usually happens when a person’s eyes come into contact with an allergen like pollen or mold spores and the eyes may become red, itchy, and watery.

The inside of the eyelids and the covering of the eyeball have a membrane called the Conjunctiva. The Conjunctiva is susceptible to irritation from allergens, especially during hay fever season. Allergic

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Types of Allergic Conjunctivitis

  • Acute Allergic Conjunctivitis:

Acute allergic conjunctivitis is an allergic reaction of the eyes, which causes sudden swelling and redness of the eyelids and conjunctiva, often associated with itching.

  • Chronic Allergic Conjunctivitis:

A less common condition called chronic allergic conjunctivitis can occur year-round. It is a milder response to allergens like food, dust, and animal dander. It includes burning and itching of the eyes and light sensitivity.

Causes of Conjunctivitis

  • Bacterial or viral infection- Infective Conjunctivitis
  • an allergic reaction to a substance such as pollen or dust mites- Allergic Conjunctivitis
  • the eye coming into contact with things that can irritate the conjunctiva, such as shampoo or chlorinated water, or a loose eyelash rubbing against the eye- Irritant Conjunctivitis 

Causes of Allergic Conjunctivitis in particular

  • Household dust
  • Pollen from trees and grass
  • Mold spores
  • Animal dander
  • Chemical scents such as household detergents or perfume

Symptoms of Allergic Conjunctivitis

  • Intense itching of eyes and urge to rub eyes as if a foreign substance is there inside the eyes
  • Pink or Red colored eyes
  • Watery or white, stringy mucus discharge
  • Swelling of conjunctiva or eyelids
  • wake up in the morning with puffy eyes
  • Crusting of eyelids and eye lashes
  • Increased tear production in the eyes

Treatment and Cure

  • Use cold compresses and artificial tear drops
  • Do not wear contact lenses until you no longer have symptoms of conjunctivitis or pink eye
  • Wash the face after exposure to environmental allergens such as dust or pollen
  • If pink eye continues for a prolonged period, consult eye specialist sooner
  • Don’t use medicines of your choice other than artificial tear drops, take doctor’s advice before using any medicine


  • Use a sunglass or artificial specs while going outside, it will prevent dust and pollen from getting inside the eyes
  • Check and clean yourair conditioning filters
  • Avoid touching or rubbing your eyes with dirty hands, wash your hands first or use a clean cloth instead
  • Do not share personal items, such as pillows, washcloths, towels, eye drops, eye or face makeup, makeup brushes, contact lenses, contact lens storage cases, or eyeglasses if you see that the person is affected
  • Wash pillowcases, sheets, washcloths, and towels often in hot water and detergent

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